Here Goes the Sun
Bali and Most of Indonesia to Experience Solar Eclipse on Friday, May 10, 2013
(5/6/2013) The Indonesian Meteorological, Climate and Geophysical Agency (BKMG) has projected that the solar eclipse will take place May 9-10, (UTC) 2013 will pass over much of the central and eastern parts of Indonesia.
An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and Sun, partially or totally obscuring the Sun. Annular eclipses cause the sun to appear as a ring (annulus) around the sun.
The length of the phenomenon is dependent on one’s distance from the canter of the eclipse’s track that will pass over Australia and portions of the South Pacific. At the center, the duration of the event will be 6 minutes and 3 seconds.
The event will be seen in most parts of Indonesia (except North Sumatra) and visible during the early morning hours of Friday, May 10, 2013.
The eclipse will also be visible from Bali.
NASA provides the following timings.
Penumbral Eclipse Begins: 18:03:38 UT (May 9th)
Partial Eclipse Begins: 19:54:08 UT (May 9th)
Greatest Eclipse: 20:07:30 UT (May 9th)
Partial Eclipse Ends: 20:21:02 UT (May 9th)
Penumbral Eclipse Ends: 22:11:26 UT (May 9th)
Bali Time is UTC + 8 Hours which means the chain of timing for the eclipse will commence from the early morning hours of May 10th in Bali, Indonesia.
Hope for Life Fun Run and Bike Tour Postponed Until Sunday, May 26, 2013
(5/6/2013) Due to unforeseen circumstance and venue conflicts with a last minute political rally, the Hope for Life Event - a 15 kilometer fun bike ride or a 5 kilometer fun walk organized by Four Seasons Resorts - Bali to raise funds for the war against cancer – has been postponed from its originally scheduled date of Sunday, May 5 to a new date of Sunday, May 26, 2013.
The organizers regret any inconvenience caused by this late change and looks forward to welcoming even more participants on May 26th.
The event is part of a three-decade legacy of community outreach first started by the Four Seasons Resorts in the early 1980s under the banner of Terry Fox Runs, the Hope for Life Event is open to all who want to participate in a 15 kilometer fun bike ride or a 5 kilometer fun walk starting at 7:00 am in Renon.
Cost of participation is Rp 75,000 (US$7.50) per person that covers the entry, a t-shirt, refreshment and a celebratory party.
Bali’s Capital of Denpasar Studying from Banjarmasin, Kalimantan on How to Reduce Street Beggars and Vagrants
(5/6/2013) The State News Agency Antara reports that officials from Bali’s capital city of Denpasar are studying strategies and tactics used to reduce street beggars and vagrants practiced in the South Kalimantan city of Banjarmasin.
A Denpasar municipal official, Ketut Mister, said on Saturday, May 4, 2013, during a visit to Banjarmasin: “The problem of managing beggars (in Banjarmasin) is not much different with what we experience (in Bali). Today the mode of operations of beggars has changed; they use coordinators.”
According to Mister, local regulations to prevent, deter, capture and educate beggars, while persuading the public not to hand money out to street urchins has done little to actually reduce the number of beggars on Bali’s streets.
And, while Banjarmasin faces much the same situation as Bali, that South Kalimantan community has been more successful in keeping beggars off their streets by introducing a series of “halfway” houses where beggars and street urchins apprehended by the police must spend a period of "training" before being returned to their home cities.
Miter admitted that Denpasar does not yet have halfway houses for beggars and street urchins due to a lack of available land to accommodate the construction of such facilitates.
A Banjarmasin city official, Rusdiansyah, told the visiting Denpasar officials that substantial funds are needed to handle the problems of beggars and street urchins.
“We have a half-way house where the beggars are placed (before returning home) to act as a deterrent and as a place of training. But his requires funding for consumables and our budget is limited,” explained Rusdiansyah.
Agus Surono, the head of Social Services for Banjarmasin said the halfway houses are also used for housing the mentally ill. “At this time, our halfway house has 29 mentally ill people in residence,” said Surono.
Both Banjarmasin and Denpasar say that the majority of beggars and street urchins originate from areas outside the city in which they operate, with many hailing from areas outside the province.
A Tourism Cycle
Bali Capital of Denpasar Promises to Expand and Improve Bicycle Lane Network
(5/6/2013) The Bali Daily (Jakarta Post) reports Denpasar’s Bicycle Paths are slated for revitalization, having fallen into decline since they were first launched with much fanfare in 2010.
Promoted as a way of reducing both traffic congestion and pollution, a 16.4-kilometer stretch of curbside bike paths were originally marked with painted lines and identified with suitable signage. In the intervening three years plans to expand the network were feared to have been largely forgotten and the bike paths are now blocked by parked cars and motorcycles.
Denpasar Transportation Agency’s traffic division head, Nyoman Sustiawan, said that hope still remains that the bike lane network will be revitalized and expanded, saying: ??“There has not been any maintenance budget for the bike lanes in the past few years. However, this year, we expect to get some Rp 100-200 million (US$10,250-$20,500) from the revised provincial budget. The sum will be used for maintenance of the fading lanes and maybe extending the lanes to a length of some 20 km.”
Plans are to add lanes in areas surrounding schools, tourist area, markets and shopping areas of the city. Lanes are planned along Jl. Gunung Agung, Jl. Teuku Umar and Jl. Imam Bonjol.
Sustiawan explained how efforts to expand bike paths in Denpasar were complicated by factors of limitation of space on already congested streets. “We are unable to enforce regulations that ban on-street parking, because we receive little backup from the traffic police,” he said.
“Most walkways (sidewalks) also end up as parking space, anyway,” he lamented. Citing examples, he pointed to Jl. Gajah Mada and Jl. Kamboja – two streets that have wide sidewalks that are now used instead for off-street parking.
Bali is largely an unfriendly destination for pedestrians with a low level of “walkability” in the man downtown areas of the city. City officials in Bali cite Pattaya in Thailand as an example where good governance can make a real difference by banning traffic in certain areas and providing viable public transport alternatives.
Karangasem Lawmakers Call on Regent to Bring East Bali Tanah Ampo Cruise Port Up to Operating Standard
(5/5/2013) The Karangasem House of Representatives (DPRD-Karangasem) is calling on their regent to find a solution to make the Tanah Ampo International Cruise Terminal operational.
The poorly conceived and under-constructed pier and supporting shore facilities remain largely unused as passenger ships, wary of the poor reputation enjoyed by the facilities at Tanah Ampo have diverted to Benoa Harbor in South Bali.
As reported by The Bali Post, local fishermen now use a pier that was intended to welcome international cruise passengers.
The chairman of the DPRD-Karangasem, Gede Dana, launched his call for a solution to make Tanah Ampo a viable cruise port on Friday, May 3, 2013.
Dana’s pronouncement echoes a similar one made by legislators when the Regent of Karangasem delivered his report of the region's budget in 2012.
Another member of the DPRD-Karangasem, Nyoman Sadra, said the port was built six years ago, but is yet to function, with cruise ships unable or unwilling to bring their passengers to the port.
Sadra said that several trial operations have taken place at Tanah Ampo in which ships anchored off shore had used their tenders to bring passengers to the new pier. This method, however, is unpopular give the advanced age of many cruise passengers and the poorly constructed transitional pontoon built by the regency.
Sadra complained that the Tanah Ampo Port's state of suspended-animation was also affecting local traders who had hoped to sell handicrafts to from the Manggis traditional art market. Sadra complained: “The cruise passenger port isn’t functioning, so how can the traditional market operate? I had heard of plans to establish a traditional market, but up till now there’s been no change. The art mark is now overgrown. Part of the roof at the market has caved in, but nobody cares.”
Sadra warned that if the cruise pier were left in its current state it would eventually fall into decay. On at least two occasions a transitional pontoon has been constructed at the pier, but they have failed and been destroyed by the waves. The large amounts of money spent on the port, he lamented, have been wasted.
The money spent on the Tanah Ampo International Cruise Project is estimated to be more than Rp. 100 billion (US$10 million). The large passenger terminal remains unused. The entrance gates, made of steel, are now rusted and broken.
Sadra added: "The Regent should complete this program in order that it can operate in a maximum manner. This must become a priority.
In response, the Regent of Karangasem, I Wayan Geredeg, said that in the beginning (of the project) it was difficult to manage the project controlled from Jakarta. Now, however, the situation in clear because the President has ordered his Ministers to complete the project.
Geredeg did not commit on when the cruise terminal would be operational. Still unclear, also, is who will have managerial responsibility for the port.
Keeping it Simple
Government Cuts a Hasty Retreat on Plans for Two-Tiered Price Increase for Gasoline. Expect Higher Gas Prices in May
(5/6/2013) Suara Pembaruan reports that the government is cutting a hasty retreat from plans to introduce a two-tiered price structure this May at gasoline pumps, changing their original plans to estalish lower prices for motorcycles and higher prices for four-wheeled vehicles.
The price hike is sought by the government in an effort to reduce the massive subsidy presently being absorbed by the State budget.
After the two-tiered pricing approach was widely criticized from many quarters of Indonesian society, the Government has reportedly decided to soon announce a single price for premium gas at the petro pumps.
The price, yet to be confirmed, will probably be a figure less than Rp. 6,500 (US$0.65) per liter to be charged to all vehicles for premium gasoline.
Jero Wacik, Indonesia’s Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, said: “The possibility is that there will be a single price in accordance with the people’s wishes, perhaps a price below Rp. 6,500 per liter.”
Wacik said the government must raise the price of gasoline to reduce the burden of the fuel subsidy, but asked the public for time to properly consider the final decision.
Continuing, Wacik said: “The Government has listened to the opinions of the people. The public knew there were two levels of pricing being considered for the the price of fuel. Many of the public told us it would be difficult (to have two prices). We (the government) would also face difficulties. We considered all these opinions.”
Separately, the Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Hatta Rajasa, told the press that the Government is still studying introducing a single price increase for gasoline. Said Hatta: “We are studying one price (for gasoline). Actually, two-tiered pricing is the best solution, but operationally that would be very difficult.”
Many gas station operators in Indonesia have asked the government to use a single price system.
No Parking in the Red Zone
State Prosecutors Preparing a Major Corruption Case Involving Parking Concession at Bali’s Airport
(5/6/2013) The Attorney General’s office has interviewed 23 witnesses in connection with suspected corruption and malfeasance in the management of parking at Bali’s Ngurah Rai International Airport.
As reported by the State News Agency Antara, State Prosecutors suspect that Rp. 20 billion (US$2 million) may have been lost to the State through illegal acts in connection with parking fees collected from the thousands of vehicles that pass through the airport each day.
The head of the information office at the State Prosecutor’s office, Setia Untung Arimuladi, announced via a press release issued in Jakarta on Friday, May 3, 2013, that 23 items had been seized as evidence comprising letters, documents, office buildings and private residences.
“This includes plots of land covered in seven freehold land certificates, located on Jalan Raya By Pass Ngurah Rai, Perenenan and Tabanan with an estimated value of Rp. 15.1 billion,” explained Arimuladi.
Investigations in connection with the Bali airport’s parking operations by State Prosecutors have been underway since last year.
Four suspects have been named:
“MBA” the CEO of PT. Penata Sarana Bali (PT PSB)
“IB” the general manager of PT PSB
“MM” the operational manager of PT PSB
“RJS” the Administrative staff of PT PSB.
The four are being charged with criminal corruption in connection with their management of the public parking areas at Bali’s Ngurah Rai International Airport.
The parking concession was operated on a profit sharing basis with PT Angkasa Pura I – the State-owned company appointed to manage the airport.
PT PSB is accused with manipulating the computerized parking system between October 2008 and December 2011 resulting in losses to the State of Rp. 20.8 billion.
Marching to a Different Drummer
Bali by the Numbers: Bali Foreign Tourist Arrivals Q1 2013 Continue to Slow.
(5/4/2013) Bali Foreign Arrivals ending March 2013 were only 3.58% above Q1 2012 demonstrating, once again, that after years of steady and dramatic growth, Bali arrivals are beginning to level off.
March 2013 arrivals totaled 245,311 – 7.8% more than the 227,475 foreign tourists who visited in March 2012.
If the current 3.58% growth rate holds through the end of the year, total arrivals for Bali will end the year at something less than 3 million foreign arrivals.
Arrivals from Key Markets
Australia – Australian arrivals declined month-on-month by 8.2% with 58.991 Visitors from Down Under in March 2013. On a cumulative basis through the end of Q1 2013, Australian visitors to Bali are down 4.02%. While Australians continue to travel abroad in record numbers, Bali is losing some of its appeal for holidaymakers.
People’s Republic of China – March arrivals from the PRC improved 12.7% in March with 22,961 Mainland Chinese holidaymakers finding their way to Bali. Year-on-year through the end of Q1 Chinese visitors are, however, down 4.17%.
Japan – Japan continues to stage a comeback with March arrivals up a whopping 31.5% at 18,348. On a cumulative basis Japanese visitors are up 16.48%. If the Japanese maintain this rate of growth through the end of 2013, nearly a quarter-million Japanese will visit Bali during the current year- equaling Japanese visitor totals last achieved in 2009-2010.
Malaysia – Cheap flights and low cost hotels helped Malaysian visitors through the end of Q1 2013 grow 9.03%. Month-on-month Malaysian tourist visitors to Bali are up 9%.
South Korean – Political strife on the Korean peninsula and a troubled economy saw South Korean visitors to Bali decline1.88% through the end of Q1 2013. March visitors from South Korean did, however, improve 4% with 9.516 South Koreans coming to Bali in March 2013.
Taiwan – Taiwan may be staging a comeback. March arrivals at 10,212 were up 32% when compared to March 2012. Cumulatively through the end of March 2013, Taiwanese arrivals are up 2.82%.
Russia –Russian arrivals for March 2013 hit 9.096 – an improvement of 2.3% over the same month in 2012. Ending Q1 2013, Russian cumulative arrivals are down a slight 1.41%.
Singapore – Singapore arrivals are surging, up 8.2% through the end of March 2013. March 2013 arrivals at 11,703 were 18% ahead of March 2012.
U.K. – As Garuda prepares to return to London, U.K. arrivals to Bali continue to fail. Month-on-month arrivals in March from the U.K. were down 2.5% at 9,088. On a cumulative basis through the end of March, U.K. arrivals to Bali are down 12.64%.
U.S.A. –U.S. arrivals to Bali are robust. Through the end of March 2013 U.S. visitors are up 12.16%. March arrivals at 9,150 are 8.5% ahead of the same month in 2012.
Germany – German arrivals to Bali increased for March by 12.6% with 7,909 visitors. Through the end of Q1 German visitors to Bali are up a very strong 22.17%.
France – French visitors at 6,676 in March 2013 declined 3.6% when compared to March 2012. Through the end of the first three months of 2013, French arrivals are up 3.57%.
India – India is fast becoming a player in Bali tourist arrivals. India is now the 13th biggest source of visitors. Indian visitors in March totaled 4,632 in March 2013, increasing 21% over March 2012. Ending Q1 2013 Indian arrivals are up 29.31%
The Netherlands – Dutch arrivals declined 10.4% in March 2013 with 3,973 visitors. Through the end of March 2013, Dutch visitors to Bali are down 7.97% as compared to Q1 2012.
Middle Kingdom Branch in Bali
PRC Preparing to Open a Consulate General in Bali
(5/4/2013) Tempo reports that the People’s Republic of China plans to open a Consulate eneral in Bali.
This was confirmed by the Foreign Minister of China, Wany Yi, to Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa during a bilateral meeting held in Jakarta on May 2, 2013.
During that meeting several bilateral agreements were signed in the area of security, trade, investment, infrastructure, food security, energy and oceanic affairs.
Natalegawa told the press, ‘Indonesia is open and supports the desire of the Chinese to open a consulate general in Bali.”
618,223 PRC citizen visited Indonesia in 2012, increasing substantially from the 504,749 who visited in 2011.
Shown on Balidiscovery.com is Marty Natalegawa, Foreign Minister for the Republic of Indonesia.
Bali Hard Pressed for a Free Press
Protestors Complain of Bali Post's Unbalanced and Unfair Political Coverage
(5/4/2013) Beritabali.com reports that nearly two hundred demonstrators under the banner of the Bali Alliance for a Fair Press conducted peaceful demonstrations in front of the Media Bali Post Office in downtown Denpasar on Thursday, May 2, 2013 demanding the press conglomerate become more objective in their coverage of the current governor’s race in Bali.
In a statement read by Rena Febriyanti, the Alliance asked the Bali Post and Bali TV to cease publishing provocative and one-sided news favoring one ticket in the coming election, claiming the lack of objectivity threatened community unity in Bali.
The Bali Post is openly in support of the PDIP candidate for governor and vice-governor, AA Ngurah Puspayoga and Dewa Nyoman Sukrawan. The Bali Post Media Group is involved in a long-standing and bitter personal dispute with the incumbent, Governor Made Mangku Pastika, who recently won a law suit against the Bali Post that requires a front-age open apology be published in a number of local newspapers after the Newspaper was found guilty of slandering the governor by incorrectly reporting statements allegedly made by Pastika in their newspaper. The judgment remains under appeal with the courts.
Fenriyanti’s statement describe present coverage by the Media Bali Post Group as divisive and called on the people of Bali not to be provoked, but remain steadfast in their desire to have a peaceful election.
According to Kompas.com, demonstrations were also held at the Monument of the People’s Struggle in downtown Denpasar. A group of religious leaders ceremoniously burnt copies of the Bali Post in order to underline their view that the leading Bali paper lacks neutrality in its political coverage of the upcoming governors race.
Intended as both a protest and a cleansing ceremony, the religious leaders prayed that evil behavior by the paper might come to an end. Wayan Bhaskara, one of the leaders of the ceremony, said the “cremation” was meant to bring the paper back to its correct function.
Protestor pointed to the Bali Post’s tendency to carry only news about AA Ngurah Puspayoga and Dewa Nyoman Sukrawan, avoiding any news about their opponents or only publishing highly critical news about the current governor and his running mate.
Bali TV, owned by the Bali Post Media Group, has been documented running logos in the corner of their news broadcasts with the slogan “15 May 2013, Replace the Governor.”
The Bali Post coverage of the protests that a group of "tattooed" protestors wearing traditional clothing gathering in front of their offices on Friday, May 3, 2103.
The paper said that in anticipation of trouble, strong security measures had been introduced since early morning supported by police from the Denpasar police precinct, Bali police headquarters, the police mobile brigade (Brimob) and uniformed members of the armed forces.
The Bali Post reportage of the protests depicted the protests as an effort to pressure the press in its rightful function of social control. The paper quoted a retired Major General IGK Manila who said: “This action is meant to pressure the press. They should be focusing on dialogue, not in mass demonstrations.”
Manila said that when there are parties that are unhappy with press coverage, those individuals should use the mechanisms in place to seek clarification exercise their right of a response or bring the matter directly to the Press Council as the government agency empowered to address problems surrounding the press.
The retired Major General who once served as a Secretary General at the Ministry of Information, suggested the demonstrators were using their protests in favor of a fair press for political means, an act he considered unfair.
The protestors stood before the Bali Post Media Office and read a number of demands and pronouncements, including:
They supported the statement issued by the Indonesian Broadcast Commission (KPI) instructing Bali TV to stop broadcasting provocative advertisements in connection with the election.
They urged the people of Bali not to be provoked by media reports and remain united in their commitment to have peaceful elections.
Urged that press reports return to the true “spirit of the press” and support accuracy and objectivity in keeping with commemoration of the International Press Day.
After reading their statement the protestors applauded and shouted “long-live Pastika-Kerta” and then proceeded to burn several copies of The Bali Post.
The Bali Post reports that the Chief Editor of The Bali Post, Nyoman Wirata, and members of the editorial team of Bali Post Media Group received the delegation from the Bali Alliance for a Fair Press.
Thanking the protestors for their input, all were invited to work together with the Bali Post to ensure peaceful elections.
There were also press reports of demonstrations against The Bali Post held in North Bali on the same date.
We Work Hard for our Money
Bali Workers March For Higher Wages on May Day
(5/4/2013) While large public political and rallies in Bali are rare; the taste for such public displays possibly tempered by the relative prosperity of the province in comparison to other areas of Indonesia and concerns that demonstrations may deter people from visiting Bali.
An exception to this unspoken rule, however, ocurred on Wednesday, May 1, 2013 when hundreds of workers, mostly from the Island’s tourism industry, gathered in front of the governor’s office in downtown Denpasar to mark International Workers Day.
The protestors voiced pronouncements criticizing the lack of attention given by policymakers to the economic welfare of the working class in Bali. As reported by The Jakarta Post, representatives from the Bali Workers Union Forum carried banners demanding a higher minimum wage level be established.
Ihsan Tantowi, who is a member of the Forum and chairman of the National Front for the Struggle of Indonesian Workers (FNPBI), claims the current minimum wage level set by the government is insufficient to improve the welfare of workers. “The minimum wage is unfair for workers, while companies continue to thrive with huge profits,” he said.
The current minimum wage in Bali set by the government is Rp. 1,181,000 (US$118) per month. This figure is 20% more than the minimum wage in effect just one year before.
The minimum wage varies by regency in Bali with Badung having the highest minimum wage of Rp. 1,401,000 (US$140).
Protestors are calling on the government to set different minimum wage levels for different sectors of the economy, claiming the tourism sector is able to pay higher living wage levels to their workers.
Protestors also called for an end to outsourcing and the “daily worker system” that allows companies to pay their staff on a day-to-day basis in order to avoid paying other benefits mandated under law.
They Still Call Bali Home
Indonesia is the Second Most Popular Foreign Holiday Destination for Australians after New Zealand
(5/4/2013) The Sydney Morning Herald reports that Thailand, Indonesia and the U.S.A. remain the most popular destinations for holidaying Australians who continue to travel abroad in record numbers.
And, while Thailand, Indonesia and the U.S.A. grew in popularity over the past 12 months, New Zealand remains the most preferred destination for outbound Australians.
Precipitated by a strong Australian dollar, a record 8 million Australian took an overseas trip in 2012, an increase of 8% over 2011.
Sean Thompson of the Australian Bureau of Statistics interpreted the record number of his fellow country traveling, explaining, "This meant that an extra 6,000 Australians per day decided to take a trip overseas compared to just three years earlier."
The number of Australians visiting the top five favorites overseas destination during the past year were:
New Zealand (1.1 million)
Indonesia (910,000) up 13%
U.S.A. (819,000) up 9%
Thailand (600,000) up 23%
The role of the stronger Australian dollar cannot be overestimated as a factor in more foreign travel by Australians. In 2008-2009 the Australian dollar traded at US$0.75 but traded at US$1.03 last year.
Dogs that Dodge
Mass Rabies Inoculation Program Continues; Authorities Having Difficulties Gathering Stray Dogs for Vaccination
(5/4/2013) The Bali Post reports that programs underway to vaccinate Bali’s canine population as a means to eliminate rabies from the Island are being thwarted, at least in part, by feral dogs and unrestrained pets that are difficult to capture and inoculate.
The chief of the Agriculture and Livestock Service (Kadistanak) for Buleleng, North Bali, Nyoman Swatantra, admitted to the press on Wednesday, May 1, 2013, that is team were reporting difficulties in gathering dogs for vaccination.
Homeowners who own more than one dog, are finding it difficult to capture both dogs for shots. Explained Swatantra, “there was one owner who had four dogs, but our staff were only able to capture one of the animals for vaccination.”
Confronted with these difficulties, Swatantra confirmed that the current phase of mass vaccination would continue through June 2013. To vaccinate the dog missed on the first visit, his teams would return to the affected villages. He called on village officials and dog owners to help his teams achieve their goal of administering shots to all dogs in each community.
Swatantra said reports gathered from each sub-district in Buleleng show that 12,623 dogs, 187 cats and 15 monkeys have been vaccinated.
A Smoke Screen
Badung-Bali Legislature Ratify Smoke-Free Rules
(5/4/2013) Seputarbali.com reports that in a final session of the current term of Bali’s Badung House of Representatives (DPRD-Badung), legislators ratified rules for Smoking-free area for the regency, addressing both hotels and government buildings.
The secretary for Bali Child Protection Agency, Titik Suhariyati, welcomed the ratification of no-smoking rules. She was initially concerned that delays would occur to the ratification of rules and penalties for smoking in public places in Bali’s southernmost regency.
Said Titik: “We welcome the ratification of the smoke-free rules for Badung. We also hope that these rules will help reduce the consumption of cigarettes.
She said the new smoke-free zone rules that are now law in Badung are not intended merely to forbid people to smoke. “The meaning of smoke-free zones is very simple – don't smoke in certain areas such as schools, medical facilities and other places. If you want to smoke, please use the areas designated for smoking,” Titik said.
Meanwhile the vice-regent of Badung, I Ketut Sudikerta, also expressed his deep appreciation to legislators who ratified the anti-smoking rules.
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